B. Rotavera, E. L. Petersen
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34
Publication year: 2013


Excited-state species profiles and ignition delay times were obtained under dilute conditions (99% Ar) using a heated shock tube for methyl octanoate (C9H18O2), n-nonane (n-C9H20), and methylcyclohexane (MCH) over a broad range of temperature and equivalence ratio (ϕ = 0.5, 1.0, 2.0) at pressures near 1 and 10 atm. Measurements were then extended to include two ternary blends of the fuels using 5% and 20% (vol.) of the methyl ester under stoichiometric conditions. Using three independently validated chemical kinetics mechanisms, a model was compiled to assess the influence of methyl ester concentration on ignition delay times of the ternary blends. Under near-atmospheric pressure, ignition delay times were of the following order for the pure fuels: methyl octanoate < n-nonane < methylcyclohexane. Experimental results indicate that the ignition behavior of the higher-order methyl ester approaches that of the higher-order linear alkane with increased pressure regardless of equivalence ratio. Methyl octanoate also displayed significantly lower pressure dependence relative to the linear alkane and the cycloalkane species. Both of these results are supported by model calculations. Blending of methyl octanoate with n-nonane and methylcyclohexane impacted ignition delay time results more strongly at 1.5 atm, yet had only a small effect near 10 atm for temperatures above 1400 K. The study provides the first shock-tube data for a ternary blend of a linear alkane, a cycloalkane, and a methyl ester. Ignition delay time measurements for the C9:0 methyl ester were also measured for the first time.