A. J. Eskola, M. Döntgen, B. Rotavera, R. L. Caravan, O. Welz, J. D. Savee, D. L. Osborn, D. E. Shallcross, C. J. Percival, C. A. Taatjes
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 20
Publication year: 2018

Methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) and methacrolein (MACR) are important intermediate products in atmospheric degradation of volatile organic compounds, especially of isoprene. This work investigates the reactions of the smallest Criegee intermediate, CH2OO, with its co-products from isoprene ozonolysis, MVK and MACR, using multiplexed photoionization mass spectrometry (MPIMS), with either tunable synchrotron radiation from the Advanced Light Source or Lyman-α (10.2 eV) radiation for photoionization. CH2OO was produced via pulsed laser photolysis of CH2I2 in the presence of excess O2. Time-resolved measurements of reactant disappearance and of product formation were performed to monitor reaction progress; first order rate coefficients were obtained from exponential fits to the CH2OO decays. The bimolecular reaction rate coefficients at 300 K and 4 Torr are k(CH2OO + MVK) = (5.0 ± 0.4) × 10-13 cm3 s-1 and k(CH2OO + MACR) = (4.4 ± 1.0) × 10-13 cm3 s-1, where the stated ± 2σ uncertainties are statistical uncertainties. Adduct formation is observed for both reactions and is attributed to the formation of secondary ozonides (1,2,4-trioxolanes), supported by master equation calculations of the kinetics and the agreement between measured and calculated adiabatic ionization energies. Kinetics measurements were also performed for a possible bimolecular CH2OO + CO reaction and for the reaction of CH2OO with CF2CHCH2 at 300 K and 4 Torr. For CH2OO + CO, no reaction is observed and an upper limit is determined: k(CH2OO + CO) < 2 × 10-16 cm3 s-1. For CH2OO + CF3CHCH2, an upper limit of k(CH2OO + CF3CHCH2) < 2 × 10-14 cm3 s-1 is obtained.